Newcastle Castle: The Black Gate
Listed Building Grade I, Scheduled Ancient Monument
Newcastle upon Tyne, NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE
- The Black Gate is a good example of thirteenth century fortifications allowing for flanking fire. It is roughly oval in plan, composed of a gate way between two semicircular rib-vaulted guardrooms. The gateway consists of an outer portcullis (the slots for which can still be seen), a middle gate and a vaulted inner part. Originally in front of the gate would have been a drawbridge. On top of the original two lower floors of the Black Gate stands a seventeenth century brick house with mullioned and transomed windows. The Black Gate today stands to a height of approximately nineteen metres.
- Street Address
- Castle Garth
APARTMENT, BARBICAN, CASTLE, GATEHOUSE, LIBRARY, MUSEUM, PUBLIC HOUSE
- Historical Background
- During the seventeenth century the gatehouse was occupied by Patrick Black, a London Merchant, and his wife Barbara, from whom it is believed the structure derived its present name, the Black Gate.
- 1247 - 1250 Barbican and gate (today known as the Black Gate) added to the castle defences.
King Henry III: Commissioned work.
- 17TH CENTURY AD A number of houses were built along the defended passageway along with a public house, whose landlord, John Picklles, carved his name and the date 1636 high up on the southwest wall.
- 1618 A two storey brick house was erected on top of the Black Gate by Alexander Stephenson.
Stephenson, Alexander: Lessee and commissioner of work.
King James I: Granted lease.
- EARLY 19TH CENTURY By the early 19th century the Black Gate had become a slum tenement, at one point housing more than sixty people.
- 1855 Public pressure prevented the Black Gate from being demolished when surrounding buildings were cleared in advance of the building of the approach road to the High Level Bridge.
- 1883 - 1885 Black Gate leased to the Society of Antiquaries who carried out extensive restoration work. The Society continue to use it to the present day as a meeting place and library.
Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle upon Tyne: Lessees of the Black Gate and commissioners of the restoration work.
- See http://www.newcastle-antiquaries.org.uk/index.php?pageId=110 [last accessed 13/02/04].
See http://archaeology.ncl.ac.uk/postgraduate/studentpages/Jkemp/BlackGate/blackgate.htm [last accessed 13/02/04].
See http://museums.ncl.ac.uk/keep/ [last accessed 13/02/04].
Images of England
Images of England
- Pevsner, N., Richmond, I., Grundy, J., McCombie, G., Ryder, P. and Welfare, H. (2001) The Buildings of England: Northumberland. London, Penguin Books, p.436, p.438
- Tyne and Wear SMR
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